Turtle vs. tortoise. Quick, what’s the difference?
Turtles spend most of their time in the water; tortoises on land.
There is a relatively long list of two things that seem the same, so much so that many of us use the words interchangeably, but have some meaningful differences.
Alligators and crocodiles
Cement and concrete
Champagne and sparkling wine
Ethnicity and nationality
Mugs and cups
It would make for a great casual dinner conversation. Give a pair of words and note the thing that makes them different. Or a drinking game if you live in a fraternity where everything is a drinking game.
My favorite couplet: Great Britain vs the United Kingdom. The latter contains Northern Ireland while the former does not.
Understanding the nuances between words that look like synonyms, but aren’t quite the same, will come in handy as the discussion around universal healthcare heats up with the coming political season. It might not matter much if you know whether your road is solid (cement) or includes stone, rock and sand as well (concrete), but it may matter a lot what someone actually has in mind when they advocate for a ‘single payer system.’
The Medicare for All Act of 2019 (HR 1384) making its way through the House – not going anywhere in this Senate – is one such animal. It is a single payer proposal, but a specific form of such. And the details matter. This proposal is radical, even by global standards, for a single payer model.
It is funded at a fixed amount allocated by Congress, has no role for private insurance nor any regional governance. Further, it has no patient cost sharing – no participation in the premium, no co-pay, no deductible, no co-insurance. It also has a very broad scope of coverage, including dental, vision and long-term care benefits.
It probably should be renamed ‘Medicaid for All’ because, but for everything being controlled at the federal level, it functions more like Medicaid than Medicare. But that label doesn’t play as well in the marketing campaign, does it?
I’ll call my sparkling wine ‘champagne’ even if it was not made in that specific region of France because it just sounds better.
Canada, the idea that comes to mind for most people when you say, ‘single payer’ – maybe because it is the one other country most people can find on a map – does not have a single national insurance system. Provincial governments receive per capita grants that they administer within the federal rules.
The Commonwealth Fund did an analysis of the ‘single payer system’ in 12 high-income countries. There is variation across several dimensions – policy setting, administration, benefits coverage, and patient cost sharing.
Yes, they are all far more government driven than we are currently, but as with ‘ethnicity’ vs. ‘nationality,’ at times the subtle differences matter a lot. Just a little tip in case you want to press in a little deeper in coming days as this idea gets tossed around.